Scientific Reports | 21 NOV 2023

Ryo Matsunaga, Kan Ujiie, Mayuko Inagaki, Jorge Fernández Pérez, Yoshiki Yasuda,
Shinya Mimasu, Shinji Soga, & Kouhei Tsumoto


Surface plasmon resonance (SPR) is widely used for antigen–antibody interaction kinetics analysis. However, it has not been used in the screening phase because of the low throughput of measurement and analysis. Herein, we proposed a high-throughput SPR analysis system named “BreviA” using the Brevibacillus expression system. Brevibacillus was transformed using a plasmid library containing various antibody sequences, and single colonies were cultured in 96-well plates. Sequence analysis was performed using bacterial cells, and recombinant antibodies secreted in the supernatant were immobilized on a sensor chip to analyze their interactions with antigens using high-throughput SPR. Using this system, the process from the transformation to 384 interaction analyses can be performed within a week. This system utility was tested using an interspecies specificity design of an anti-human programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) antibody. A plasmid library containing alanine and tyrosine mutants of all complementarity-determining region residues was generated. A high-throughput SPR analysis was performed against human and mouse PD-1, showing that the mutation in the specific region enhanced the affinity for mouse PD-1. Furthermore, deep mutational scanning of the region revealed two mutants with > 100-fold increased affinity for mouse PD-1, demonstrating the potential efficacy of antibody design using data-driven approach.

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