Carterra LSA Platform

The Carterra LSA is a versatile, fully integrated, high throughput monoclonal antibody (mAb) characterization platform that combines patented flow printing microfluidics with high throughput surface plasmon resonance (SPR) detection to deliver up to 100x the data in 10% of the time and with 1% of the sample requirements and consumable costs of other systems.



The LSA enables the following automated applications in single unattended runs:

  • Capture-based kinetics and affinity: Screen up to 1152 mAbs
  • Coupled kinetics: Up to 384 immobilized ligands
  • Epitope binning: Interrogate up to 384×384 mAb/mAb pairwise interactions
  • Quantitation: Measure concentration of up to 1152 mAbs
  • Epitope mapping: Screen up to 384 mAbs against an array of up to 384 peptides
  • Blocking / neutralization assays: 384 assay capacity
  • Regeneration scouting: Scout 96 conditions in parallel
  • General multiplexed applications: Array any combination of up to 384 ligands

Unique Platform Technology

The LSA’s throughput, flexibility, and applications are enabled by three core system modules:


1.  Patented flow cell technology        2. High throughput SPR        3.  Software

The Carterra LSA is covered by one or more of the following U.S. Patents: 8,210,119; 8,211,382; 8,383,059; 8,488,120; 8,999,726; 9,682,372; 9,682,396; 10,300,450

1. Unique Patented Flow Cell Design & Sample Deck

The LSA has a unique patented flow cell design that provides both throughput and flexibility via two “modes” that switch automatically depending on the assay format:

96-Channel Printhead:
Cartridge consisting of a 96 array for:

  • Continuous flow microspotting for discrete immobilization of up to 96 ligands in parallel
  • Nest up to 4x 96 prints on a single chip surface for 384 interaction measurements in parallel
  • ~200 μL per immobilization

Single Flow Cell:
Cartridge covers the entire chip surface for:

  • One-on-many interactions
  • Surface “lawn” preparations
  • ~270 μL per interaction

96 Channel Printhead

96-channel printhead

The 96-channel printhead enables a 96 protein array to be immobilized in parallel from flow onto a sensor chip surface in a single step. This can be repeated up to 4 times to build a 384 array on the SPR surface.

LSA sample deck

The sample deck adds another layer of throughput and flexibility.

96 or 384-well plates can be used in the LSA sample deck with 96-channel access in 3 bays and single flow cell access in 2 bays. The sample block has the capacity for 3 x 50ml conical tubes, 5 x 15ml conical tubes, and 8 x 1.5ml tubes.

LSA Prisms

Automated switching between the single flow cell and 96-channel printhead cartridges.

2. High Throughput Surface Plasmon Resonance

A high-resolution CCD camera images the entire chip surface simultaneously, enabling up to 384 real-time interactions to be monitored in parallel with local referencing via neighboring interspots.

3. Industry-leading Experimental Setup, Data Analysis and Visualization Software

Navigator Software

Quickly and efficiently setup experiments using Navigator’s streamlined interface and purpose-built assay wizards. Fully automated experiments allow unparalleled throughput and real-time binding data richness. Queue up to six assays to maximize throughput for up to 7 days of unattended run time.

Key Benefits:

  • Reduce hands-on time: Setup even the most complex assay in less than 5 minutes
  • Adapt to any sample type: Predefined assay routines for purified or crude samples
  • Simplify assay prep: Straightforward volume estimation for all assay buffers and reagents
  • Multi-task and plan efficiently: Accurate experimental time estimation and in-run progress
  • Walk-away convenience: Standby flow option keeps your surface ready to use between experiments
  • Maximize data per experiment: Generate up to 150,000 interactions in a single, unattended run

Hands-on time is further reduced via automated data analysis which enables rapid processing and initial curation of large experiments. Dedicated application-focused analysis software follows intuitive, simple-to-use workflows and powerful visualization tools.

Kinetics Analysis Software

LSA Kinetics

Complete kinetic data processing and analysis can be automated, with referencing, zeroing, cropping, blank subtraction, and kinetic model fitting all executed as a single operation for up to 1152 samples per unattended run.

Learn More about our Kinetics Software

Epitope Analysis Software

Epitope binning panels

In the binning tool, data are linked across panels to facilitate review of sensorgrams, heat maps, networks, and a dendrogram.

The ability to merge orthogonal data and view networks by color options provides a powerful and intuitive way of assessing your antibody panel’s diversity, while keeping an epitope-centric view.

Network plots

The network plots above provide an alternate view of the data, where chords represent the blocking relationships, envelopes inscribe the bins, and colors depict merged data.

Binning dendrogram with community plot

A binning dendrogram, showing an adjustable custom cut-height (red line at 4.1) next to a community plot that is clustered by the custom cut height, which provides a less granular view than the four network plots above where the cut height was zero.

Learn More about our Epitope Software

carterra cartriges

Available LSA Biosensor Chip Chemistries

Carterra LSA Sensor Chips

Selection of the appropriate sensor chip surface is essential for robust data quality when designing a high throughput SPR assay. Carterra offers a broad range of chip surfaces to support the diverse applications available on the LSA. Described here are the standard chip offerings for the LSA. Custom surfaces may be available upon request. Always consult with a Carterra Applications Scientist when selecting sensor chips.

Name Description Application
HC30M Polycarboxylate hydrogel, medium charge density, 30nm coating thickness Moderate ligand capacity for general use
HC200M Polycarboxylate hydrogel, medium charge density, 200nm coating thickness Higher ligand capacity for general use
CMDP 2D planar carboxymethyldextran surface, <5nm coating thickness Lower ligand capacity for high resolution analysis
CMD50M Carboxymethyldextran hydrogel, medium charge density, 50nm coating thickness Moderate ligand capacity for general use
CMD200M Carboxymethyldextran hydrogel, medium charge density, 200nm coating thickness Higher ligand capacity for increased levels of immobilization
CMD500M Carboxymethyldextran hydrogel, medium charge density, 500nm coating thickness Higher ligand capacity for maximum levels of immobilization
SAD200M Streptavidin, immobilized in a carboxymethyldextran hydrogel, medium charge density, 200nm coating thickness High capacity for biotinylated ligand captures
SAHC30M Streptavidin, immobilized in polycarboxylate hydrogel, medium charge density,
30nm coating thickness

Lower capacity for biotinylated ligand kinetic lawns


Streptavidin immobilized on 2D planar carboxymethyl dextran surface, <5nm coating thickness

Very low capacity for arraying of biotinylated ligands

NiHC200M Poly – NTA derivatized linear polycarboxylate hydrogel, medium charge density, 200nm coating thickness High capacity for His-tagged ligand captures
PAGHC30M Protein A/G derivatized linear polycarboxylate hydrogel, medium charge density, 30nm coating thickness

Moderate capacity for kinetics of multi-species IgG

PAGHC200M Protein A/G derivatized linear polycarboxylate hydrogel, medium charge density, 200nm coating thickness

High capacity for quantitation of multi-species IgG

PAHC200M Protein A derivatized linear polycarboxylate hydrogel, medium charge density, 200nm coating thickness

High capacity for quantitation of human IgG

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While CMD is a well described chemistry for use in biosensors, the linear polycarboxylate chemistry of HC chips provides an alternate surface chemistry to that of CMD in instances of non-specific binding or when differential diffusion characteristics are warranted.

CMD and HC sensor chips can be used to build custom capture surfaces such as anti-mouse or Protein A/G via amine coupling of capture molecules.

When stored at -20 °C CMD and HC surfaces are good for two years after purchase, while protein derivatized coatings such as SAD should be used within one year.

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