bioRxiv, https://doi.org/10.1101/2020.09.30.318972

Bryan E. Jones, Patricia L. Brown-Augsburger, Kizzmekia S. Corbett, Kathryn Westendorf, Julian Davies, Thomas P. Cujec, Christopher M. Wiethoff, Jamie L. Blackbourne, Beverly A. Heinz, Denisa Foster, Richard E. Higgs, Deepa Balasubramaniam, Lingshu Wang, Roza Bidshahri, Lucas Kraft, Yuri Hwang, Stefanie Žentelis, Kevin R. Jepson, Rodrigo Goya, Maia A. Smith, David W. Collins, Samuel J. Hinshaw, Sean A. Tycho, Davide Pellacani, Ping Xiang, Krithika Muthuraman, Solmaz Sobhanifar, Marissa H. Piper, Franz J. Triana, Jorg Hendle, Anna Pustilnik, Andrew C. Adams, Shawn J. Berens, Ralph S. Baric, David R. Martinez, Robert W. Cross, Thomas W. Geisbert, Viktoriya Borisevich, Olubukola Abiona, Hayley M. Belli, Maren de Vries, Adil Mohamed, Meike Dittmann, Marie Samanovic, Mark J. Mulligan, Jory A. Goldsmith, Ching-Lin Hsieh, Nicole V. Johnson, Daniel Wrapp, Jason S. McLellan, Bryan C. Barnhart, Barney S. Graham, John R. Mascola, Carl L. Hansen, Ester Falconer

Abstract

SARS-CoV-2 poses a public health threat for which therapeutic agents are urgently needed. Herein, we report that high-throughput microfluidic screening of antigen-specific B-cells led to the identification of LY-CoV555, a potent anti-spike neutralizing antibody from a convalescent COVID-19 patient. Biochemical, structural, and functional characterization revealed high-affinity binding to the receptor-binding domain, ACE2 binding inhibition, and potent neutralizing activity. In a rhesus macaque challenge model, prophylaxis doses as low as 2.5 mg/kg reduced viral replication in the upper and lower respiratory tract. These data demonstrate that high-throughput screening can lead to the identification of a potent antiviral antibody that protects against SARS-CoV-2 infection.

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